Document control
Research Type Qualitative Research
Version v1.0
Date (last revision) 10/10/2022


Virtual Reality (VR) immerses a person in a completely computer generated world, it is an artificial 3D (3-dimensional) visual **environment which may allow interaction. Such an immersion is possible with a set of interactive devices like HMDs, controllers and haptic devices.

Augmented Reality (AR) is is an interactive experience of a real-world environment where the objects that reside in the real world are enhanced by computer-generated perceptual information. Both of these technologies have some overlap when it comes down to the interface, although, neither of them appear as the ultimate goal for digital reality for me. Although AR is presumed to be an interaction with the world through a smartphone screen in form of Instagram or Snapchat filters, they're good examples of Mixed Reality.

XR or Extended Reality is an umbrella term for Virtual and Augmented Reality, or a mix of both. It’s a combination of physical and digital entities, which facilitate 3D human, computer, and environment interactions, and creates an experience of a digital reality around you, either partially or fully occupying your senses. This is achieved through an HMD (Head Mounted Display).



Mixed Reality is a step beyond Augmented Reality, the physical and virtual worlds interact, and users can interact with them as well. Intel explains that XR “provides the ability to have one foot (or hand) in the real world, and the other in an imaginary place.” While AR enhances a user’s perception of the real world, MR can make users question what is real and what is not.

The first concept of Mixed Reality was introduced back in 1994 by Paul Milgram and Fumio Kishino. Their research paper can be viewed here:


XR interfaces are highly inspired from traditional interfaces that do not take advantage of space, and are generally not accessibility forward. In order to build an accessible design system for XR, users with disabilities need to be consulted for an insight into their daily lives. The way they navigate their surroundings and the tools they use could be applied to XR. Also, additional insight could be gained from the users who have had challenges using a VR or AR interface.


This user research is based on extracting insights to develop accessible XR interfaces. It involves finding the correct positioning, typography, colors, and customization.

Internal stakeholders